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Python使用Tkinter的GUI日历示例

先决条件:Tkinter简介

Python提供了多种开发GUI(图形用户界面)的选项。在所有的GUI方法中, Tkinter是最常用的方法。带有tkinter的Python输出了创建GUI应用程序的最快, 最简单的方法。在本文中, 我们将通过分步指南学习如何使用Tkinter创建GUI日历应用程序。

创建一个tkinter:

  • 导入模块– tkinter
  • 创建主窗口(容器)
  • 将任意数量的小部件添加到主窗口。
  • 将事件触发器应用于小部件。

让我们创建一个基于GUI的日历应用程序, 该应用程序可以显示用户给定年份的日历。

下面是实现:

# import all methods and classes from the tkinter   
from tkinter import *
  
# import calendar module
import calendar
  
# Function for showing the calendar of the given year
def showCal() :
  
     # Create a GUI window
     new_gui = Tk()
      
     # Set the background colour of GUI window
     new_gui.config(background = "white" )
  
     # set the name of tkinter GUI window 
     new_gui.title( "CALENDER" )
  
     # Set the configuration of GUI window
     new_gui.geometry( "550x600" )
  
     # get method returns current text as string
     fetch_year = int (year_field.get())
  
     # calendar method of calendar module return
     # the calendar of the given year .
     cal_content = calendar.calendar(fetch_year)
  
     # Create a label for showing the content of the calender
     cal_year = Label(new_gui, text = cal_content, font = "Consolas 10 bold" )
  
     # grid method is used for placing 
     # the widgets at respective positions 
     # in table like structure.
     cal_year.grid(row = 5 , column = 1 , padx = 20 )
      
     # start the GUI 
     new_gui.mainloop()
  
      
# Driver Code
if __name__ = = "__main__" :
  
     # Create a GUI window
     gui = Tk()
      
     # Set the background colour of GUI window
     gui.config(background = "white" )
  
     # set the name of tkinter GUI window 
     gui.title( "CALENDER" )
  
     # Set the configuration of GUI window
     gui.geometry( "250x140" )
  
     # Create a CALENDAR : label with specified font and size
     cal = Label(gui, text = "CALENDAR" , bg = "dark gray" , font = ( "times" , 28 , 'bold' ))
  
     # Create a Enter Year : label 
     year = Label(gui, text = "Enter Year" , bg = "light green" )
      
     # Create a text entry box for filling or typing the information.  
     year_field = Entry(gui)
  
     # Create a Show Calendar Button and attached to showCal function
     Show = Button(gui, text = "Show Calendar" , fg = "Black" , bg = "Red" , command = showCal)
  
     # Create a Exit Button and attached to exit function
     Exit = Button(gui, text = "Exit" , fg = "Black" , bg = "Red" , command = exit)
      
     # grid method is used for placing 
     # the widgets at respective positions 
     # in table like structure.
     cal.grid(row = 1 , column = 1 )
  
     year.grid(row = 2 , column = 1 )
  
     year_field.grid(row = 3 , column = 1 )
  
     Show.grid(row = 4 , column = 1 )
  
     Exit.grid(row = 6 , column = 1 )
      
     # start the GUI 
     gui.mainloop()

输出:

输出1
输出2

首先, 你的面试准备可通过以下方式增强你的数据结构概念:Python DS课程。


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