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Spring MVC表单文本字段用法示例

Spring MVC表单文本字段标签使用绑定值生成HTML输入标签。默认情况下, 输入标签的类型是文本。

句法

<form:input path="name" />

在这里, path属性将form字段绑定到bean属性。

Spring MVC表单标签库还提供其他输入类型, 例如电子邮件, 日期, 电话等。

对于电子邮件:

<form:input type=?email? path="email" />

对于日期:

<form:input type=?date? path="date" />

Spring MVC表单文本字段的示例

让我们看一个使用表单标签库创建铁路预订表单的示例。

1.将依赖项添加到pom.xml文件。

<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework/spring-webmvc -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
    <version>5.1.1.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>

    <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/javax.servlet/javax.servlet-api -->
<dependency>  
    <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>  
    <artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>  
    <version>3.0-alpha-1</version>  
</dependency>

    <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/javax.servlet/jstl -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
    <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
    <version>1.2</version>
</dependency>
<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.apache.tomcat/tomcat-jasper -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.tomcat</groupId>
    <artifactId>tomcat-jasper</artifactId>
    <version>9.0.12</version>
</dependency>

2.创建bean类

在这里, bean类包含与表单中存在的输入字段相对应的变量(以及setter和getter方法)。

Reservation.java

package com.srcmini;

public class Reservation {

	private String firstName;
	private String lastName;
	
	public Reservation()
	{		
	}
	public String getFirstName() {
		return firstName;
	}
	public void setFirstName(String firstName) {
		this.firstName = firstName;
	}
	public String getLastName() {
		return lastName;
	}
	public void setLastName(String lastName) {
		this.lastName = lastName;
	}	
}

3.创建控制器类

ReservationController.java

package com.srcmini;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ModelAttribute;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

@RequestMapping("/reservation")
@Controller
public class ReservationController {
	@RequestMapping("/bookingForm")
public String bookingForm(Model model)
{
      //create a reservation object 
	Reservation res=new Reservation();
      //provide reservation object to the model 
	model.addAttribute("reservation", res);
	return "reservation-page";
}
@RequestMapping("/submitForm")
// @ModelAttribute binds form data to the object
public String submitForm(@ModelAttribute("reservation") Reservation res)
{
	return "confirmation-form";
}
}

4.在web.xml文件中提供控制器的条目

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd" id="WebApp_ID" version="3.0">
  <display-name>SpringMVC</display-name>
   <servlet>  
    <servlet-name>spring</servlet-name>  
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>  
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>    
</servlet>  
<servlet-mapping>  
    <servlet-name>spring</servlet-name>  
    <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>  
</servlet-mapping>  
</web-app>

5.在xml文件中定义bean

spring-servlet.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
	xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
	xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
	xsi:schemaLocation="
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
    	http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
    	http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
    	http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
    	http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd">
	<!-- Provide support for component scanning -->
	<context:component-scan base-package="com.srcmini" />
	<!--Provide support for conversion, formatting and validation -->
	<mvc:annotation-driven/>
	<!-- Define Spring MVC view resolver -->
     <bean id="viewResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/"></property>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"></property>     
     </bean>
</beans>

6.创建请求的页面

index.jsp

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
	<title>Railway Registration Form</title>
</head>
<body>
<a href="reservation/bookingForm">Click here for reservation.</a>
</body>
</html>

7.创建其他视图组件

Reservation-page.jsp

<%@ taglib prefix="form" uri="http://www.springframework.org/tags/form" %>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
	<title>Reservation Form</title>
</head>
<h3>Railway Reservation Form</h3>
<body>
	<form:form action="submitForm" modelAttribute="reservation">
		First name: <form:input path="firstName" />		
		<br><br>
		Last name: <form:input path="lastName" />
		<br><br>
		<input type="submit" value="Submit" />	
	</form:form>
</body>
</html>

注-通过@ModelAttribute批注传递的值应与视图页面中存在的modelAttribute值相同。

确认页面.jsp

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>
<p>Your reservation is confirmed successfully. Please, re-check the details.</p>
First Name : ${reservation.firstName} <br>
Last Name : ${reservation.lastName}
</body>
</html>

输出

Spring MVC表单文本字段
Spring MVC表单文本字段
Spring MVC表单文本字段
Spring MVC表单文本字段

下载此示例(使用Eclipse开发)

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