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Akka终止Actor用法示例详解

本文概述

在Akka中, 可以通过调用ActorContext或ActorSystem类的stop()方法来终止Actors。 ActorContext用于终止子Actor, ActorSystem用于终止顶级Actor。

actor的实际终止是异步执行的。

Akka中还有其他一些方法可以用来终止Actor。其中一些是PoisonPill, terminate()和gracefulStop()用于终止Actor。


Akka终止顶级Actor示例

你只需调用stop()方法即可终止顶级Actor。以下示例描述了stop()方法的用法。

import akka.actor.{Actor, ActorSystem, Props};

class ActorExample extends Actor{
  def receive = {
    case message:String => println("Message received: "+message);
    case _ => println("Unknown message");
  }
  override def postStop(){
    println("Actor stoped");
  }
}

object ActorExample{
  def main(args:Array[String]){
    val actorSystem = ActorSystem("ActorSystem");
    val actor = actorSystem.actorOf(Props[ActorExample], "RootActor");
    actor ! "Hello"
    actorSystem.stop(actor);
  }
}

输出

Message received: Hello
Actor stoped

Akka终止子Actor的例子

import akka.actor.{Actor, ActorSystem, Props};

class ActorExample extends Actor{
  def receive = {
    case message:String => println("Message received by "+self.path.name+": "+message);
    val childactor = context.actorOf(Props[ChildActor], "ChildActor");
    childactor ! "Hello child Actor"
    context.stop(childactor);
    
    case _ => println("Unknown message");
  }
}


class ChildActor extends Actor{
  def receive = {
    case message:String => println("Message received by "+self.path.name+": "+message);
    case _ => println("Unknown message");
  }
  
  override def postStop(){
    println("Child Actor stoped");
  }
}


object ActorExample{
  def main(args:Array[String]){
    val actorSystem = ActorSystem("ActorSystem");
    val actor = actorSystem.actorOf(Props[ActorExample], "RootActor");
    actor ! "Hello"
    
  }
}

输出

Message received by RootActor: Hello
Message received by ChildActor: Hello child Actor
Child Actor stoped

Akka Stopping ActorSystem示例

你可以通过调用actor的终止方法来终止它。此方法将终止守护者actor, 而后者又将递归终止其所有子actor。

import akka.actor.{Actor, ActorSystem, Props};

class ActorExample extends Actor{
  def receive = {
    case message:String => println("Message received by "+self.path.name+": "+message);
    val childactor = context.actorOf(Props[ChildActor], "ChildActor");
    childactor ! "Hello child Actor"
 
    case _ => println("Unknown message");
  }
  
  override def postStop(){
    println("Top Level Actor stoped");
  }
}


class ChildActor extends Actor{
  def receive = {
    case message:String => println("Message received by "+self.path.name+": "+message);
    case _ => println("Unknown message");
  }
  
  override def postStop(){
    println("Child Actor stoped");
  }
}


object ActorExample{
  def main(args:Array[String]){
    val actorSystem = ActorSystem("ActorSystem");
    val actor = actorSystem.actorOf(Props[ActorExample], "RootActor");
    actor ! "Hello"
    actorSystem.terminate();
  }
}

输出

Message received by RootActor: Hello
Message received by ChildActor: Hello child Actor
Child Actor stoped
Top Level Actor stoped
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